IAEA’s monitoring mechanisms operating in accordance with JCPOA: Richard Nephew

March 14, 2016

TEHRAN - Richard Nephew, who served as the lead sanctions expert for the U.S. team negotiating with Iran, says the first IAEA report “addresses in sufficient detail the degree to which Iran is complying with its international obligations pursuant to the JCPOA and UNSCR 2231.”

In an interview with the Tehran Times, Nephew, now a fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, says, “I believe that the IAEA’s monitoring mechanisms are operating in accordance with the JCPOA.”
Following is the text of the interview with Nephew:
Q: How do you assess the first IAEA report on Iran’s nuclear activities since the implementation of the JCPOA?
A: The report addresses in sufficient detail the degree to which Iran is complying with its international obligations pursuant to the JCPOA and UNSCR 2231.
Q: Some experts, such as former IAEA official Olli Heinonen, claim the report doesn’t include the details. For instance, Heinonen says the report has little information about enrichment, centrifuge components, and implementation of the JCPOA?
A: Yes, I agree that the IAEA report is less detailed than it has been in the past. This is unfortunate for those outside of government, who have grown accustomed to being able to perform detailed analysis on the information provided in the report. I too would prefer a more detailed report, which would give greater confidence to the international community as to what is happening in Iran. Given continuing concerns with Iran’s nuclear program, this would be reasonable in my view and help Iran build a stronger, public compliance record. That said, the IAEA’s report sufficiently addresses the degree to which Iran is complying with its international obligations pursuant to the JCPOA and UNSCR 2231. If one does not trust the IAEA’s judgment and declarations, then one might have cause for concern. I do happen to trust the objectivity, impartiality, and professionalism of the IAEA and, therefore, while I’d prefer more information, I am satisfied.
I believe that the IAEA’s monitoring mechanisms are operating in accordance with the JCPOA